The first impression creates a story promise. They pose questions, which need answers. and pull us into your novel’s story. We meet the voice of the protagonist and begin to sense the story’s purpose. The beginning intrigues readers and they feel strong about your characters and are curious about what will happen next. They want an emotional experience, to feel something. They want to feel as if they have connected with a story's characters, living their fictional experience.
Plot twists cause surprise, but a deeper bond is generated by having readers feel for the characters. Empathy for your characters draws readers in. When readers see something in the protagonist they can relate to, they will like them.
Readers want to think and feel.
Your novel needs an emotional hook, a reason to care about the protagonist as soon as they meet. Since readers pick up cues and form positive judgments almost instantaneously, we should accomplish this bonding on page one. Likable characters reveal values such as love, commitment to justice and selflessness.
Readers want something to happen, right away.
No matter what kind of fiction you write, you need to hit your protagonist right away with a question or a need, if not an outright problem. In engaging openings, qualities of strength, humor, humanity and goodness find a way to get its hooks into you. As your novel opens, find something warm and human your protagonist cares about.
Your first chapter should be typical of the story you’re telling. It has to have the protagonist, the conflict, the mood, the setting as well as mystery, movement and dialogue. That’s why it is so important to get right.
No time to think, no time to worry, no time to ponder. Your protagonist has to decide what to do next. Readers do not need to know everything about your protagonist in the first chapter. However, readers do want to care about them. Make readers fear for them. Let readers know why their story matters. Conflict feeds readers, so strive to begin the book with conflict, which disrupts the status quo. The conflict can be large or small, emotional or physical. Readers need to be aware of the risks, which face the protagonist. Readers would sure like a bit of a hint about the conflict that matters.
In the first chapter, it is necessary to establish where and when the story is taking place. Not complete descriptions, floor plans or exact digital time. Just a few sentences which establish that we are on earth, or not and in a room, or not.
The first chapter is not the place to tell us everything. Leave that for Chapter Two, Three or Four.